The weakness or failure of military regime in nigeria. It adopts descriptive and case history perspective, asserting that the behavioral trend is an outcome of the long years of military. The coup was led by major chukwuma nzeogwu and other majors in the army. The military succeeded in the aspect of creating new states and local councils. The impact of military rule on nigerias nation building, 19661979 abdulrahman, ajibola a. The impact of military rule on democracy in nigeria. Military rule and political transition in nigeria an appraisal of abacha regime includes abstract and chapter one, complete project material available military rule and political transition in nigeria an appraisal of abacha regime abstract this study analyzes military rule and the political transition to democracy in nigeria. Oldnaija is an online platform dedicated to documenting and promoting the history of ngeria. Advantages of military rule in nigeria 2 years ago 72925 views by george ibenegbu nigeria has experienced both sides of the military rule.
Department of history and international studies, joseph ayo babalola university, ikejiarakeji p. A history of nigerian organized crime oxford university press. All evidence suggests the early settlement of nigeria millennia before the spread of agriculture 3,000 years ago. Unfortunately the military struck in january 16 1966 and ruled the country for over 30 years.
Independence from british rule came to pass in nigeria on the 1 st of october, 1960. His rule was the longest serving in peacetime and his administration typified the military dictatorships of the 20th century. Military governments and economic development sheffield hallam. First, the spread of islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern nigeria as well, began a. The regime declared a war against indiscipline wai, which resulted in the arrest, detention, and jailing of a number of politicians.
It adopts descriptive and case history perspective, asserting that the behavioral trend is an outcome of the long years of military governance. The nigerian armed forces are the armed forces of the federal republic of nigeria. Recent literature demonstrates that modern military regimes are actually militarycivilian. Development and the military institution in nigeria. But the transition programme is justifiably viewed with scepticism by many nigerians and large sections of the international community. The term military rule as used here is synonymous with military regime and refers to a subtype of authoritarian regime for most of human history, attaching military to rule would have been redundant, because almost all political regimes in largescale societies of the premodern period. This is why, the study of military rule in nigeria and how their roles have partly contributed to nation building or in nation breaking will be given a clear and serious thought because this matter to us as scholars, students of history and as well the laymen in the societies. The military rulership affects the executive, legislature, the judiciary and the civil. Download nigeria current affairs 2020 questions and answers pdf. Buhari justified his coup and subsequent actions by citing the troubles of the second republic and the declining economy. Nigeria is a big oil exporter, but violence and oil spills dog the industry. Between 1966 and 1999, the army held power in nigeria without interruption apart from a shortlived return to democracy from 19791983. The mass media and the struggle for democracy in africa.
Nigeria s first military junta began following the 1966 nigerian coup detat which overthrew prime minister alhaji sir abubakar tafawa balewa. It stretched through the shortlived regime of majorgenera. Military politicians in power from january 15, 1966 until 1999 destroyed nigeria s economy, ruined the currency, desecrated the civil service which was the best on the continent then and killed. Military rule in nigeria first started on january 15, 1966, when a group or army officers overthrew the npcnndp government and killed many of the countrys political rulers. We provide a research and learning environment for nigerians at home and in the diaspora. History of military rule in nigeria school mattazz. The role of the military 76 he states further, that the characteristics of military law includes the following. Abuja politics in nigeria can be like general hospital or coronation streeta longrunning soap opera in which the cast rarely changes.
In 1956 the nigeria regiment of the royal west african frontier force rwaff was renamed the nigerian military forces, rwaff, and in april 1958 the colonial government of nigeria. Nigeria under the military governments of babangida and abacha 19851998 was in a perpetual halfhearted state of transition to democracy. Babangida promised a return of democracy when he seized power, but he ruled nigeria for eight years, when he temporarily handed power to the interim head of state ernest shonekan in 1993 in a move towards democratization. Buhari is a slim, fit, bespectacled, nononsense man, who always. Download fulltext pdf download fulltext pdf the impact of military rule on democracy in nigeria article pdf available december 2012 with 51,528 reads. A military coup is the violent or nonviolent overthrow of an existing political regime by the military. Several dominant themes in nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary nigerian politics and society. The final step determined the future path of nigeria and its army after the birth of nigerias third republic. Nigeria now becomes one of the wealthiest countries in africa thanks to its large reserves of oil petroleum now, rather than the palm oil of the previous century. We provide a suitable elearning platform for history students in nigeria. Oldnaija is an online platform dedicated to documenting the history and culture of nigeria. The paper integrates nigerias colonial history in the larger picture of her political and economic underdevelopment and in the process suggests new explanation for underdevelopment and structural inequality in nigeria linked to colonial legacy and makes some policy. To perpetuate himself in power, general abacha embarked on a brazen elimination of perceived and imagined opposition against his rule particularly the mass media and prodemocracy groups who opposed the continuation of military rule. The military history of nigeria since the colonial rule began precisely on the 1 st october 1966.
Major general johnson aguiyiironsi was made the head of the federal military government of nigeria, but was soon overthrown and murdered in a coup in july of the same year. Nigerias militarized democracy faces test in elections. Of course, nigerias independence meant it had to try to unify the nation, which proved difficult due to its extreme diversity in languages, religion, culture and politics. The first military intervention in nigeria occurred in january 1966 when the civilian government was overthrown in a military coup.
Political change came about far more frequently through military intervention in politics than. He critically analyzes the major developments during this period at the regional, continental, and global levels, focusing on the activities of the key figures. Nigerias first military junta began following the 1966 nigerian coup detat which overthrew the first. Abegunrin examines nigerian foreign policy during the 33 years of military rule punctuated by the quadrennial civilian government. Military politicians in power from january 15, 1966 until 1999 destroyed nigerias economy, ruined the currency, desecrated the civil service which was the best on the continent then and killed. Political leadership and corruption in nigeria since 1960. Click on the button below to download the complete nigeria current affairs 2020 questions and answers pdf file 120 pages. Military rule commenced in nigeria on january 15, 1966 when a military coup detat led by an army major, chukwuma nzeogwu, overthrew the government of prime minister abubakar tafawa balewa. Other colonized parts of the world had a similar experience. Nigeria became an independent country in october 1 st 1960 after about a century occupation by the british colonial masters. Lagos, is an associate professor in the department of history and strategic studies, university of lagos, nigeria. Military intervention in the nigerian politics and its impact citeseerx. This was the year nigeria assumed both political and military control of its territory. The conclusion recommended an increase in military to military contact with nigeria to.
Nigerian military juntas of 196679 and 198399 wikipedia. The first military coup in nigeria took place on january 15, 1966. Nigerias flag consists of three equal vertical bands of green, white, and green. Instead, they establish military rule, led by either a single military strongman or a junta representing the of. The country was at its infantile stage and was still trying to adapt to. Geohistorical trajectories of democratic transition. Military rule, political regime in which the military as an organization holds a. Since then, military rule has been a recurring phenomenon in nigeria. The conclusion recommended an increase in militarytomilitary contact with nigeria to. The history of leadership in nigeria is one marked by extreme domination and. Its origins lie in the elements of the royal west african frontier force that became nigerian when independence was granted in 1960. Major general johnson aguiyiironsi was made the head of the federal military.
As the largest military power in the region, nigeria played a central role in the ecowas efforts to end the civil wars in liberia and. Nigeria and the ruins of military rule the guardian. Nigeria is the most populous cou ntry in africa, the second biggest. This is the fourth time the 72yearold muslim northerner has run for president since the end of military rule in nigeria in 1999.
The nigerian military juntas of 196679 and 198399 were a pair of military dictatorships in. Military rule and nation building process in nigeria. To them, nigeria has taught the world the difference between democracy and civil rule. Military regimes and nation building in nigeria, 19661999. These skilled artisans and ironworkers flourished between the fourth century b. Pdf the impact of military rule on democracy in nigeria. Nigeria is one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign state to be known by the name of the federal republic of nigeria. Prevention in war time, acts or omissions, capable of. Islam reached nigeria through the borno empire between 1068 ad and hausa states around 85 ad during the. History of military rule in nigeria pdf summary yes, i know youd want to keep this for offline use, so weve created the military rule in nigeria pdf file. There have been a large number of successful and failed military coups in nigeria since the countrys independence from the british empire in 1960. The second step examined the effect of military governance on education, the economy, and foreign policy.
As at that time, nigeria was still following the british system of government in which there is a prime minister and a ceremonial president. It is instructive to note that the era of military rule can only end with good governance. Pdf the military incursion into nigeria politics in january 1966 was an epochal event in the history and evolution of. Historical contributions, military rule, tertiary education gowons. History of nigeria the history of nigeria can be traced to settlers trading across the middle east and africa as early as 1100 bc. Nigerian foreign policy under military rule, 19661999 by. Numerous ancient african civilizations settled in the region that is today nigeria, such as the kingdom of nri, the benin empire, and the oyo empire. The earliest culture in nigeria is identifiable by the distinctive artifacts of the nok people.
A civilian appraisal of military rule in nigeria, armed forces and society. Kindly drop your comment here in case of any heads up, questions or contributions. It must, however, be noted that nigeria was not peculiar in this regard. Oldnaija goes beyond the lines to unearth historical events in nigeria and document nigerian cultures for. The final step determined the future path of nigeria and its army after the birth of nigeria s third republic. It is scheduled to terminate with a handover of power to a civilian president on 1 october 1998. Military rule, political regime in which the military as an organization holds a preponderance of power. Nigeria has therefore been governed for a longer period over thirty years of her independence by the military. The paper seeks to explain the rationale of the militarize dispositions of politicians in the current democracy. For most of human history, attaching military to rule would have been. Nigeria current affairs 2020 questions and answers pdf. Criminalization of acts or omissions which ordinarily in civil life would at worst amount to near breaches of contract or moral obligation, b. Nigeria shall be a federation consisting of states and a federal capital territory.273 1467 1402 1208 996 893 533 932 520 677 1571 260 1459 234 1005 2 174 734 1100 326 74 1128 562 213 418 1134 1444 1168 146 894 1247 1010 1436 696 439 892